Canada is situated at the north end of the American continent. Its place ranges from the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Pacific Ocean to the western side, and also to the north to the Arctic Ocean. It occupies nearly half the North American territory since it is the 2nd biggest nation after Russia. It borders in America to the south, and also to the northwest with its federal government state Alaska.

Prehistory.

It is known that the area was ruled by Inuits. At an archaeological level, there is proof that the very first natives who first came to Canada, did so through crossing a land bridge that had formed in between Asia and Alaska over the last Ice Age around 40,000 years ago (More on: eTA Canada ).

First colonizers.

History demonstrates that the very first European contact the country got was made thanks to the exploration made by the Italian John Cabot, who had been sailing following the orders of King Henry VII of England. In 1497, Cabot ran into the eastern Canadian coast and acquired it for the King. This journey, along with succeeding one in 1498, gave England the justification to discover a large number of the eastern part of ??North America; the truth is, they subsequently acquired Newfoundland, Cape Breton and also neighboring regions based on the exploits of Cabot.
In 1534, the French traveler, Jacques Cartier, was designated by King Francisco to make a journey in search of the Northwest Passage. The idea of ??the king was to find riches such as all those they had located in Inca and Aztec place, that is to say, they were focused on seeking gold above all else, however Cartier only found “stones and some horrible and steep rocks” based on what exactly he told in his diary.

Source:eTA Canada

British colonizers.

Cartier persisted discovering and arrived on the Gaspé Peninsula (Quebec), in whose territory he acquired for France. French individuals enjoyed their luxurious monopoly for several years, however in 1670 British appeared with the purpose of forging a monopoly of the fur trade, that led to a legal debate among those who had on their side the negotiations on land control. Nevertheless, the balance leaned towardsBritain and France ceded Canada to the English Crown by theTreaty of Paris in 1763.
Then, the federal government passed the Constitutional Law of 1791 that split the region directly into two British colonies known as Upper Canada (presently the southern area of Ontario) and Lower Canada (currently the southern part of Quebec). Lower Canada maintained French civil laws, however the two provinces were ruled by the British penal code. Each place had its assigned ruler and was free to pick its cabinet or even executive authorities.

Canada conformation.

Troubles increased since the government as well as its council were English but led a mostly French assembly, which created political pressure and also rebellions. The suggestions of union soon appeared but it wasn’t until 1840 that they were raised as legislation. Both colonies quickly merged in the state of Canada, ruled by the new Parliament of Canada as the sole legal body.
Finally, it obtained its self-government in 1867 as well as its autonomy in 1931, continuing to be a Commonwealth kingdom. And, Newfoundland, that was until then a domain of the United Kingdom, joined Canada in 1949.

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